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3 National Parks, 21 Provincial Reserves and 30 IBAs (Important Bird Areas), make this beautiful Salta an ideal space for birdwatching followers.

The province of Salta has the 65% of Argentina’s total bird population, which includes 654 species, many of them are unique at national and/or international level, distributed at the different ecosystems and landscapes.

Salta has a very changing land: from a mountain region with high peaks and volcanoes, to valleys, low hills and plains. Its vegetation includes the typical elements of the Puna, Woods and the High Andes eco-region (West and Center regions) and Yungas and Dry Chaco at the east. All the province is crossed by rivers, some of them very plentiful –mostly at Bermejo and Juramento basins.

Resulting from the variety of eco-regions in the province, the vegetation is heterogeneous, including a very important presence of exclusive bird-fauna. At Quebrada del Toro, Santa Victoria Hills, Luracatao and some areas of the Calchaquí Valleys, there is an important variety of species of discontinuous distribution: Moreno's Ground Dove Metriopelia morenoi), various types of Canasteros (=basket makers), mountain finch (Compsospiza baeri), poospiza,  rufous-bellied Saltator (Saltadorrufiventris), short-tailed finch (Idiopsar brachyurus) and citron-headed yellow finch ( (Sicalis luteocephala). Besides, Salta’s Yungas have been identified as a global endemic bird  area. In this group, we can mention the slaty elaenia (Elaenia strepera), white-throated antpitta (Grallaria albigula), blue-forehead hummingbird (Eriocnemis glaucopoides), Tucumán-Amazon parrot (Amazona tucumana), rothschild's swift (Cypseloides rothschildi), red-faced guan (Penelope dabbenei) and Zimmer’s tapaculo (Scytalopus zimmeri), among other species. At the jungle forests of the basins of Bermejo and Río Seco rivers, it is possible to watch big forest eagles like: black and chesnut eagle (Oroaetus isidori), lonely eagle (Harpyhaliaetus solitarius), ornate hawk-eagle (Spizaetus ornatus) and black-chested eagle buzzard (Spizastur melanoleucus); as well as a great population of military macaws (Ara militaris). Likewise, there are other endemic species all along the Andean central bioma, at the Queñoa (South American Polylepis) forests that contain a characteristic bird-fauna. Besides, this region is the winter shelter for some migrant species from the Puna, like the Southern flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis) and the Andean flamingo (Phoenicopterus andinus). Finally, the area known as “Chaco Salteño” is an important shelter for threatened species like crowned eagle (Harpyhaliaetus coronatus) among other representative species of the Chaco forest.

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