The Argentine Littoral shelters the unique testimony of the coexistence of native inhabitants -the Guaraní indians- and men from the other side of the ocean -the Jesuit priests. Declared Cultural World Heritage in 1984, the Guaraní-Jesuit Missions, located in the province of Misiones, were part of the 33 towns that comprised the old Jesuit Province of Paraguay. They became Argentine territory in the first half of the 17th century. They are an essential part of the local history and a legacy of the Guaranies' knowledge and of the Evangelizing and economic project of the Jesuits in Latin America. For the UNESCO, they "represent an unprecedented economic and socio-cultural experience in the story of populations"

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